The Oak Ridges Moraine was formed about 11,000 years ago thanks to the Wisconsin ice age. Since then it has gained its recognition for its important role in both hydrology and ecology not only in Ontario but for the country.

Who Lived in the Oak Ridges Moraine?

The first to enjoy the moraine dates back to the Normadic people. They recognized this region for its clean clear waters and as a source of food to sustain them. Mainly at that time, it was fish and caribou. The Normadic population made use of this land for the following 10,500 years. Following this first Nations began to occupy the region where they developed villages.

The Terrain

The terrain of the Oak Ridges moraines was populated mostly with trees and fields. As the 1800’s came to an end the moraine was being populated with settlers. Over time many of the trees diminished. The rivers became laden with debris from erosion. This had an effect on the one cold and clear waterways. Now they had become warm and slow moving.

The Wildlife

As with many parts of Canada, the Oak Ridges Moraine is home to many different types of wildlife. What makes this region special is that it acts as a corridor for animals that require different living environments depending on the season.

Recognition of Deterioration

It eventually became evident with the growth in population that the Oak Ridges Moraine was becoming threatened. It was determined that more planning and management needed to be incorporated. This became a reality back in 1941 when A.H. Richardson, a biologist put pen to paper about the Oak Ridges Moraine.

1950s to 1970’s

Conservation authorities stepped in during this time and made great efforts to provide protection for the moraine. But, it wasn’t until the 1980s that real attention was put on the Moraine by the Provincial government.